Guide to Educational Loans: Bank Versus Non-Banking Financial Corporation (NBFC)

Quality Education is always worth our time, effort and importantly investment. Important decisions like this requires a thorough run through of options so that you are well informed of the pros and cons of your decision. The choice between Banking and Nonbanking corporations are commonly debated among the public either because of misinformation or lack of information. This article will aid to be a quick guide before you decide on who to go to for educational loans.

The key difference between bank and a NBFC:

Understanding the undergirding difference between the two may settle a lot of shadows for us.

Banks

NBFC

Banks are overseen by the Reserve Bank of India

These corporations are regulated by the Companies Act 1956

They are entitled to be part of your payment process.

They cannot accept or issue deposits, drafts or cheques

However, the commonality between them is that they both can offer loans! Now the key difference being established, the services provided by each can be compared.

Loan Eligibility:

NBFCs have the longer rope in sanctioning your loan compared to the banks. NBFC determines loan eligibility based on your repayment capacity, credit score etc. While banks on the other hand makes you eligible based on your collateral, say home value. Bank loans exclude cost involved in stamp duty and registration procedures, while NBFC will craft plans to include these costs within your loan.

The paperwork hassle:

Banks have stringent and thorough process with paperwork, NBFC on the other hand have been able to achieve the same end through relaxed paperwork process. You may want to look out for both these options when choosing an educational loan.

Credit Score friendly:

Banks and NBFC favor loans to people with high credit score, however, in comparison to the bank, NBFC is friendlier to people with low credit score. You could choose what best aids your credit score.

Customized services:

If caught up with the busy schedules while looking out for educational loans, you may want to consider accessibility to information and the time taken to access services from the lenders. NBFC will come handy for busy schedules, as they provided customized services and assistance in terms of visa counselling, counseling, door step services etc. Banks on the other hand do not owe you that benefit.

Processing time:

Time is the most essential factor is any case. Delays and uncertainties can be frustrating and anxiety inducing. The loan approval process is shorter with NBFC compared to public sector banks, unless you have a favored relationship with your branch manager by being a long-term customer. Incases otherwise, NBFC save you from sweating in the waiting time.

Bank Balance Sheet

A balance sheet of a bank shows all financial operations conducted by a bank for a certain period of time. It reveals the borrowed funds by them, their own funds, their sources, their placements in credit and other transactions.

It is recorded in the two ways. In the left part (asset) all assets are reflected and in the right (passive) – liabilities and capital of the bank are positioned. An asset is anything that can be old whereas a liability is an obligation of the financial institution that must be eventually paid back. The owner’s equity in a bank is often referred to as bank capital, which is the remaining amount when all assets have been sold and all liabilities have been paid. The relationship of all balance sheet components can be simply described by the following equation.

Bank Assets = Bank Liabilities + Bank Capital

Assets earn revenue and include:

-Cash in hand;

-Funds on correspondent accounts;

-Funds in reserve funds of the bank;

-Granted loans to legal entities and individuals; (client loan portfolio)

-Interbank loans granted;

-Government bonds;

-Commercial securities;

Depending on the nature of the sources of funds, all liabilities differ in terms of their duration and cost. The main sources of funds as a rule, are deposits of individuals and legal entities, and in addition, funds of central (national) banks and loans obtained from other commercial banks.

Liabilities:

-Funds of banks and other credit institutions;

-Clients accounts, including household deposits;

– The promissory notes issued by the bank;

By using liabilities the owners of banks can leverage their capital to earn much more value than would otherwise be possible using only the bank’s capital.

Also, Central banks regulate bank liabilities by setting mandatory reserve requirements from attracted deposits or by imposing administrative restrictions or incentives.

Assets and liabilities are further distinguished as being either current or long-term. Current assets are assets expected to be sold or otherwise converted to cash within 1 year; otherwise, the assets are long-term. Current liabilities are expected to be paid within 1 year; otherwise, the liabilities are long-term. Current assets and current liabilities are important in assessing liquidity of bank. The deduction of Current assets from Current liabilities gives us a working capital. It is a measure of liquidity. An excess in Working capital a bank is able to meet its short- term liabilities

What You Should Know Before Committing To A Secured Loan

The loan is secured by the lending company by way of ‘second charge’, which is a different regime compared to the main mortgage that holds the property on a ‘first charge’ basis. The latter is a legal arrangement in which the property securing the loan is registered with the Land Registry.

A homeowner loan obtained through this process can be used for anything the borrow wishes safe for illegal activities or purchases. However, second charge mortgages are usually restricted to funding home improvements or funding huge purchases such as car buying. Alternatively, second charge loans can be used to consolidate existing loans and help reduce the debt obligation of a struggling borrower.

With this arrangement, the borrower is expected to make regular monthly repayments throughout the life of the loan, which can run up to 25 years. The process of selling and administration of first charge secured loans is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) for a considerable length of time.

Today, second charge loans are now exclusively regulated by the FCA and are expected to conform to the same regulations, rules and procedures of ordinary mortgages. What this means is that borrowers will be expected to demonstrate that they can pay back both first charge ad second charge mortgages.

Who is Eligible for a Secured Second Charge Mortgage?

Do you have an existing secured loan(s) or mortgage loans that are currently running? Do you wish to borrow a huge amount of loan than what standard personal loans can provide? If your answers to the foregoing questions are the affirmative, then you are the right candidate for second charge mortgage loans. These loans can go up to £250,000 and are suitable for borrowers who have accumulated sufficient equity in their homes to guarantee the security needed for the loan.

What to Look for Before Taking Out a Second Charge Mortgage

There are numerous things that you need to know before taking a second charge mortgage loan. Here are some of the things to look out for:

By second charge, it means that any default can mean the lender taking you to court and instituting repossession procedures. When this happens, the first lender recoups his or her money back while the second lender gets thee remaining out of the sale of the repossessed home.

Second charge loans come with variable interest rates, meaning that borrowers need to exercise a lot of restraint, as the rates are likely to go up and down. If you have secured a loan that comes with variable rate, you are likely to suffer most if the rates go up, so it is important to assess your ability to pay before committing to this type of loan.

Debt is often perceived as the last option by most homeowners, but financial experts say it can prove to be the only way a borrower can get out of a financial problem in a short term. When you restructure your loan to increase the repayment period, you certainly lower the monthly repayments but increase the overall payment in the long term.

Compare thee Loans before Borrowing

After assessing your need for money (loan), you need to shop around for the best loans warehouse to understand the affordability and the conditions. You need to schedule an interview with various or selected loans agencies before you sign up. Remember that unsecured loans do not have interest rates similar to secured loan types. Unsecured loans have a maximum ceiling of up to £25,000 but this amount may vary from lender to lender and from borrower to borrower depending on the circumstances.

Make Your Decision

With a wide variety of loans available, it can be difficult to make a decision on which loan suits your needs. However, you need to evaluate your own situation based on income, need, outgoings and your credit scores. You may also need to consider if you have enough equity in your property and whether you need a long-term or short-term loan. Perhaps the most crucial question to ask is why you need the loan in the first place.